Spinal cord injury usually begins with fractures or dislocation of the vertebrae. Spinal cord involves a bundle of nerves carrying signals back and forth from the body to the brain.
Spinal cord injuries can be complete or incomplete; a complete injury is when the cord can’t send signals below the level of injury, thus becoming paralyzed below the injury. On the other hand, incomplete spinal cord injury is when the patient has movement and sensation below the injury.
A spinal cord injury is no doubt a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment which can reduce long-term effects.
Stem cells contribute to an effective rate in the treatment of brain and spinal cord injuries, and this percentage varies from person to person, depending on the severity of the disease, gender, age, and other factors.